By Rachel Waltner Goossen
In the course of international conflict II, greater than 12,000 male conscientious objectors looking choices to army provider entered Civilian Public provider to do forestry, soil conservation, or different 'work of nationwide importance.' yet this government-sponsored, church-supported application additionally attracted a few 2,000 women--most of whom have been a part of Mennonite, Amish, Brethren, or Quaker households with deeply held antiwar beliefs--to 151 substitute provider destinations around the state. Rachel Waltner Goossen tells the tale of those girls opposed to the 'good war,' ladies who pointed out themselves as conscientious objectors. regardless of cultural hostility and discriminatory federal rules, they sought to illustrate their humanitarian convictions by way of enjoying Civilian Public provider paintings. according to little-known archival assets in addition to oral historical past interviews and questionnaire responses, Goossen's examine finds the level to which those women's non secular and philosophical ideals positioned them at the margins of yankee society. inspired via non secular traditions that prized nonconformity, those ladies made strange offerings, puzzled executive dictums, and defied societal expectancies, all of which set them except the hundreds of thousands of usa citizens who supported the battle effort.
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Additional info for Women Against the Good War: Conscientious Objection and Gender on the American Home Front, 1941-1947 (Gender and American Culture)
No Girl Should Marry into This Kind of Life 44 Chapter 4. Looking for a Few Good Women 69 Chapter 5. Collegiate Women Pacifists 94 Chapter 6. S. S. O. O. S. 2 Questionnaire and Oral History Respondents' Wartime Maternal Status 59 Page xi Acknowledgments I am grateful to have lived in three communities during the writing of this book and for the assistance of friends and family at each place. In Lawrence, Kansas, historian Ray Hiner was a generous advocate and source of ideas as I began to research this little-known subject in World War II cultural history.
The Mennonites used a quota plan, assigning small amounts (ranging from twenty-five to fifty cents per month) to Page 22 Civilian Public Service locations. (Adapted from The CPS Story: An Illustrated History of Civilian Public Service by Albert N. Keim. Copyright 1990 by Good Books, Intercourse, Pennsylvania. Used by permission. All rights reserved) Page 23 be raised from members of Mennonite churches. Some congregations raised their share of contributions by holding monthly offerings for CPS; others did so by canvassing members.
Margaret Taylor Kurtz, born and reared in Pennsylvania, described her background: I was raised in a close family grandparents were all Quakers. I heard many Bible stories from the Old and New Testaments. O. with farm deferment in World War I, my brother the same in World War II. An older sister went to Egypt with the United Nations Relief agency as a lab technician. 19 Kurtz, whose career as a nurse began during the Second World War, contacted the American Friends Service Committee with the hope of finding an alternative to military nursing.
Women Against the Good War: Conscientious Objection and Gender on the American Home Front, 1941-1947 (Gender and American Culture) by Rachel Waltner Goossen