By Diana Vikander Edelman
Darius I, King of Persia, claims to have comprehensive many deeds within the early years of his reign, yet was once one in all them the rebuilding of the temple in Jerusalem? The editor who further the date to the books of Haggai and Zechariah notion so, and the writer of Ezra 1-6 then depended on his dates whilst writing his account of the rebuilding approach. The genealogical info inside the e-book of Nehemiah, although, indicates differently; it shows that Zerubbabel and Nehemiah have been both contemporaries, or a iteration aside in age, now not a few sixty five years aside. therefore, both Zerubabbel and the temple rebuilding should be moved to the reign of Artaxerxes I, or Nehemiah and the rebuilding of town partitions should be moved to the reign of Darius I. during this ground-breaking quantity, the argument is made that the temple used to be outfitted in the course of the reign of Artaxerxes I. The editor of Haggai and Zechariah mistakenly set the development below Darius I simply because he was once motivated by means of either a wish to exhibit the achievement of inherited prophecy and by means of Darius' extensively circulated autobiography of his upward thrust to strength. In gentle of the cost styles in Yehud in the course of the Persian interval, it's proposed that Artaxerxes I instituted a grasp plan to include Yehud into the Persian highway, postal, and army structures. The rebuilding of the temple was once a minor a part of the bigger plan that supplied squaddies stationed within the castle in Jerusalem and civilians residing within the new provincial seat with a spot to worship their local god whereas additionally supplying a spot to shop taxes and monies accrued on behalf of the Persian management. Diana Edelman is a senior lecturer within the Dept. of bible study on the collage of Sheffield. Her examine has fascinated about the King Saul in historical past and culture, Israelite faith through the time of the monarchy, and now's centering at the emergence of Judaism within the Persian interval with the rebuilding of the temple in Jerusalem. She is the writer of King Saul within the Historiography of Judah (Sheffield educational Press, 1991) and editor of the cloth of heritage: textual content, Artifact and Israel's prior (Sheffield educational Press, 1991), You Shall no longer Abhor an Edomite for he's your Brother: Edom and Seir in background and culture (Scholars Press, 1995) and The Triumph of Elohim: From Yahwisms to Judaisms (Kok Pharos 1995; reprinted through Eerdmans).
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Extra resources for The Origins of the 'Second' Temple: Persian Imperial Policy and the Rebuilding of Jerusalem (BibleWorld)
Talmon 1976: 325; Lemaire 1977: 130; Meyers 1985: 33*-34*; Williamson1988: 75-76; Laperoussaz 1989: 61). Figure 4. Seal of Shelomit N. Avigad, Bullae and Seals from a Post-Exilic Judean Archive (Qedem, 5; Jerusalem: The Insitute of Archaeology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 1976): 11. Reproduced by kind permission of the Israel Exploration Society. It would have been logical for the daughter of the governor, and a Davidic descendant as well, to have been married off to an inﬂuential member of the community.
28 The Origins of the ‘Second’ Temple Figure 1. Seal impression of Hananiah found on a jar handle Y. Aharoni, Excavations at Ramat Rah9el Seasons 1961 and 1962 (Serie archeologica, 6; Rome: Universita’ di Roma Centro di Studi semitiei, 1964): pl. 7. ) Figure 2. Bulla that reads Yehud Hananiah N. Avigad, Bullae and Seals from a Post-Exilic Judean Archive (Qedem, 5; Jerusalem: The Insitute of Archaeology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 1976): 5. Reproduced by kind permission of the Israel Exploration Society.
7). The reference in v. 22 to ‘Darius the Persian’ is vague, leaving open the possibility that it was intended to refer to Darius II (424–404 BCE) rather than Darius III (335–330 BCE). This is the common view, based largely on the assumption that the ﬁrst Darius had come to be mistakenly known in Jewish tradition as Darius ‘the Mede’ (Dan. , Wilson 1915: 193; Rudolph 1949: 193). C. Vanderkam has pointed out, Josephus places Yohanan, Yaddua’s predecessor, still in ofﬁce under Darius II’s successor, Artaxerxes II (405/404–359/358 BCE) (Ant.
The Origins of the 'Second' Temple: Persian Imperial Policy and the Rebuilding of Jerusalem (BibleWorld) by Diana Vikander Edelman