By J. S. Mackenzie, A. D. T. Barrett, V. Deubel (auth.), Professor Dr. John S. Mackenzie, Professor Dr. Alan D. T. Barrett, Doctor Vincent Deubel (eds.)
Japanese encephalitis and West Nile viruses are participants of the japanese encephalitis serological crew of the genus Flavivirus and hence heavily similar genetically and antigenically. They proportion a couple of homes, together with using birds as their significant flora and fauna upkeep host and Culicine mosquitoes for transmission, and they're either linked to serious human sickness, in addition to deadly infections in horses.
The emergence of those viruses, and their well-established propensity to colonise new parts, make it well timed to think again their ecology, biology, molecular constitution, replication and epidemiology, and those consequently give you the concentration of this volume.
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Extra info for Japanese Encephalitis and West Nile Viruses
Me I\. Jun. July Month Month June July Aug Aug Aug Sop< S"", Sept Oct Oct Oct Nort~~ .... n, -- N"" - - '"' - - I'" "" __ _ _ I'" Nov =S - Fig. 9. Seasonal distri bution of cases of encephalitis by region. P. Endy and A. Nisalak Vector control was coordinated with the dengue virus control program and was guided by the epidemiology of the disease in Thailand and therefore focused on the northern and northeastern regions (CHUNSUTTIWAT 1998). Figures 10 and 11 display the annual reported cases and rates for all encephalitis and JE, and casefatality with concomitant control programs.
A JE antibody titer as measured by the PRNT assay is interpreted in a number of ways. In a patient with suspected acute JE infection, a titer increasing by fourfold suggests an acute infection. A titer of 1: 10 or more suggests past exposure or vaccination, and protective immunity. 4 Western Blot Western blot is a technique that utilizes the characteristic of proteins to travel through a polyacrylamide gel, and to transfer onto nitrocellulose sheets when an electrical current is passed through the gel (TOWBIN et al.
Bull WHO 40:263-277 Kubo T, Rai SK, Rawal S, Yamano T (1993) Serological study of Japanese encephalitis in Nepal. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 24:756-761 Kumar R (1999) Viral encephalitis of public health significance in India: current status. Indian J Pediatr 66:73-83 Kumar R, Mathur A, Kumar A, Sharma S, Chakraborty S, Chaturvedi UC (1990) Clinical features & prognostic indicators of Japanese encephalitis in children in Lucknow (India). Indian J Med Res 91:321-327 Kuno G (1997) Factors influencing the transmission of dengue viruses.
Japanese Encephalitis and West Nile Viruses by J. S. Mackenzie, A. D. T. Barrett, V. Deubel (auth.), Professor Dr. John S. Mackenzie, Professor Dr. Alan D. T. Barrett, Doctor Vincent Deubel (eds.)