Download PDF by Tom Heehler: The Well-Spoken Thesaurus

By Tom Heehler

ISBN-10: 1402243057

ISBN-13: 9781402243059

Te final consultant to strong Language. If you've ever fumbled whereas attempting to use a tremendous note* to provoke a crowd, you recognize what it's wish to* be poorly spoken. the phobia of mispronouncing or misusing advanced phrases is actual and leaves many people consigned to the decrease degrees* of the English Language. the key to eloquence, besides the fact that, lies in simplicity-the skill to exploit traditional phrases in outstanding methods. The Well-Spoken word list is your consultant to eloquence, exchanging the standard with the intense. whereas a standard word list presents merely synonyms as mere word-for-word equivalents, The Well-Spoken glossary is full of* dynamic reinventions of ordinary phrases and phrases.

*lofty observe, pretentious word
*know what it really is to
*lower reaches, reduce echelons
*awash in, instilled with, dense with, wealthy in

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Saeed Yousef's Basic Persian: A Grammar and Workbook PDF

By Saeed Yousef

ISBN-10: 0415616522

ISBN-13: 9780415616522

Basic Persian: A Grammar and Workbook contains an obtainable reference grammar and comparable routines in one volume.

This e-book offers twenty grammar devices, protecting the center fabric which scholars might anticipate to come across of their first 12 months of studying Persian. Grammar issues are through a number of examples and routines which permit scholars to enhance and consolidate their studying.

Key positive factors include:

  • Clear, obtainable structure
  • Many worthy language examples
  • Jargon-free motives of grammar
  • Abundant routines with complete solution key
  • A word list of Persian-English phrases
  • Subject index

Rigorous but attractive, Basic Persian is acceptable for either category use and self sufficient examine, making it an excellent grammar reference and practiceresource for newbies and scholars with a few wisdom of the language.

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Download e-book for kindle: Modes of Modality: Modality, typology, and universal grammar by Elisabeth Leiss, Werner Abraham

By Elisabeth Leiss, Werner Abraham

ISBN-10: 9027206163

ISBN-13: 9789027206169

The amount goals at a common definition of modality or “illocutionary/speaker’s standpoint strength” that's powerful sufficient to seize the complete diversity of other subtypes and different types of modalities in several languages. The primary inspiration is that modality is all-pervasive in language. this angle on modality permits the combination of covert modality in addition to peripheral circumstances of modality in overlooked domain names reminiscent of the modality of insufficieny, of attitudinality, or missed domain names akin to modality and illocutionary strength in finite vs. nonfinite and factive vs. non-factive subordinated clauses. In such a lot languages, modality encompasses modal verbs either of their root and epistemic meanings, a minimum of the place those languages have the principled distribution among root and epistemic modality within the first position (which is one essentially constrained, in its strict qualitative and quantitative experience, to the Germanic languages). moreover, this quantity discusses another difficult and in part hugely mysterious classification of modality triggers: modal debris as they're sported within the Germanic languages (except for English). it truly is argued within the contributions and the languages mentioned during this quantity how modal verbs and adverbials, subsequent to modal debris, are expressed, how they're interlinked with contextual elements equivalent to element, definiteness, individual, verbal factivity, and assertivity in preference to different attitudinal varieties. a necessary thought used and argued for is perspectivization (a sub-concept of attainable global semantics). Language teams lined intimately and in comparison are Slavic, Germanic, and South East Asian. the amount will curiosity researchers in theoretical and utilized linguistics, typology, the semantics/pragmatics interface, and language philosophy because it is a part of a bigger undertaking constructing another method of common Grammar that's suitable with functionalist methods.

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Read e-book online Constraints and Preferences PDF

By Katarzyna Dziubalska-Kolaczyk

ISBN-10: 3110170477

ISBN-13: 9783110170474

The vital subject matter of this assortment is the epistemological prestige of constraints and personal tastes in linguistics. The contributions concentration normally on phonology; one article offers explicitly with morphology. The techniques to phonology represented within the quantity are these of normal Phonology, executive Phonology, Optimality concept, autosegemental phonology, and computational phonology. Constraints are juxtaposed both to principles or to personal tastes within the dialogue of constraint-based vs. preference-based theories.

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Montague Grammar by D. Partee PDF

By D. Partee

This quantity represents a few preliminary makes an attempt to increase Richard Montague's paintings at the syntax and semantics of normal languages. Taken including Montague's amassed works at the concept of language, it makes on hand to linguists and philosophers a view of the variety of functions of Montague's conception to difficulties of syntax and semantics, and a few comparisons of Montague's method of different theories of language. Seven of the authors are essentially philosophers, and 5 are basically linguists; their ways are on no account homogeneous, yet all proportion with Montague a priority for treating semantics as carefully as syntax and a wish to discover systematic connections among the 2. (from the Preface, p. xi).

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Download PDF by Liliane Haegeman, Herman Wekker: Modern course of English syntax

By Liliane Haegeman, Herman Wekker

ISBN-10: 0203133439

ISBN-13: 9780203133439

ISBN-10: 0415036844

ISBN-13: 9780415036849

A contemporary path in English Syntax presents intermediate and complex scholars of linguistics and English with a scientific account of the principles of English syntax, and acquaints them with the overall technique of syntactic description. It teaches them tips on how to formulate syntactic arguments, and the way to use the correct standards and assessments within the research of sentences. The technical phrases and ideas wanted for discussing English constructions are offered step by step and all phrases are in actual fact outlined and amply illustrated as they're brought. The textual content is interspersed all through with routines and functional assignments which scholars will locate either worthy and stress-free.

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Get Phi-Features and the Modular Architecture of Language PDF

By Milan Rezac

ISBN-10: 9048196973

ISBN-13: 9789048196975

This monograph investigates the modular structure of language in the course of the nature of "uninterpretable" phi-features: individual, quantity, gender, and Case. It presents new instruments and facts for the modular structure of the human language school, a foundational subject of linguistic learn. while it develops a brand new concept for one of many middle concerns posed by means of the Minimalist software: the connection of syntax to its interfaces and the character of uninterpretable beneficial properties. The paintings units out to set up a brand new cross-linguistic phenomenon to review the foregoing, person-governed last-resort maintenance, which supplies new insights into the character of ergative/accusative Case and of Case licensing itself. this is often the 1st monograph that explicitly addresses the syntactic vs. morphological prestige of uninterpretable phi-features and their courting to interface structures in a similar fashion, drawing on person-based interactions between arguments as key data-base.

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Modern English Structures: Form, Function, and Position - download pdf or read online

By Bernard O'Dwyer

ISBN-10: 0585244537

ISBN-13: 9780585244532

ISBN-10: 1551112736

ISBN-13: 9781551112732

Modern English Structures is a transparent and obtainable textual content that follows a structural method of educating simple English grammar. The publication is split into 3 elements: what a sentence constituent is, what a sentence constituent does, and the place a sentence constituent goes―Form, Function, and Position. the target of the e-book is to deliver scholars to a greater realizing of sentence components and sentence constructions, supplying them with applicable terminology to debate those kinds and relationships. This moment version has been revised and up-to-date all through.

The accompanying Modern English constructions Workbook parallels the textual content and gives helpful education either in memorization and in higher-order considering talents.

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Download PDF by Harold Torrence: The Clause Structure of Wolof: Insights into the Left

By Harold Torrence

ISBN-10: 9027255814

ISBN-13: 9789027255815

This quantity investigates the clausal syntax of Wolof, an understudied Atlantic language of Senegal. The targets of the paintings are descriptive, analytical, and comparative, with a spotlight at the constitution of the left outer edge and left peripheral phenomena. The ebook contains particular exam of the morpho‑syntax of wh‑questions, successive cyclicity, topic marking, relative clauses, topic/focus articulation, and complementizer contract. Novel information from Wolof is used to guage and expand theoretical proposals about the constitution of the Complementizer word (CP) and stressful word (TP). it truly is argued that Wolof offers proof for the promoting research of relative clauses, an “exploded” CP and TP, and for analyses that deal with relative clauses as composed of a determiner with a CP supplement. it's additional argued that Wolof has a collection of silent wh‑expressions and those are in comparison to superficially related structures in colloquial German, Bavarian, Dutch, and Norwegian. The ebook additionally offers a comparability of complementizer contract throughout a few comparable and unrelated languages. facts from Indo‑European (Germanic types, French, Irish), Niger‑Congo (Atlantic, Bantu, Gur), and Semitic (Arabic) languages positioned the Wolof phenomena in a bigger typological context by way of displaying the diversity of version in complementizer contract platforms.

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