By Benjamin R Justesen
Damaged Brotherhood: the increase and Fall of the nationwide Afro-American Council supplies a entire account of the nationwide Afro-American Council, the 1st really national U.S. civil rights association, which existed from 1898 to 1908. in keeping with exhaustive examine, the quantity chronicles the Council’s achievements and its annual conferences and offers graphics of its key leaders.Led by way of 4 of the main extraordinary African American leaders of the time—journalist T. Thomas Fortune, Bishop Alexander Walters, educator Booker T. Washington, and Congressman George Henry White—the Council continued for a decade regardless of structural flaws and exterior pressures that at last resulted in its loss of life in 1908. writer Benjamin R. Justesen presents old context for the Council’s improvement in the course of an period of remarkable development in African American businesses. Justesen establishes the nationwide Afro-American Council because the earliest nationwide enviornment for discussions of severe social and political matters affecting African americans and the only most vital united voice lobbying for cover of the nation’s biggest minority. In a interval marked by way of racial segregation, frequent disfranchisement, and lynching violence, the nonpartisan council helped determine extra enduring successor firms, supplying middle management for either the nationwide organization for the development of coloured humans and the nationwide city League. Broken Brotherhood strains the background of the Council and the advanced relationships between key leaders from its construction in Rochester in 1898 to its final accumulating in Baltimore in 1907, drawing on either deepest correspondence and modern journalism to create a balanced historic portrait. improved by way of 13 illustrations, the amount additionally offers fascinating information about the 10 nationwide gatherings, describes the Council’s unsuccessful try to problem disfranchisement earlier than the U.S. preferrred courtroom, and sheds gentle at the slow breakdown of Republican harmony between African American leaders within the first decade of the 20th century.
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Additional resources for Broken Brotherhood: The Rise and Fall of the National Afro-American Council
But his militance and erratic personality, especially under the influence of alcohol, tended to make him less reliable for managing group projects. Even his own league had passed him over as national president in 1890, preferring Livingstone College president Joseph C. Price, and relegating Fortune to secretary. 11 Fortune also persuaded Chicago delegates to adopt his preferred constitution, which created a strictly nonpartisan body whose officers could not hold elected public office—a purist position designed to shield the league from accusations of Republican puppetry.
Holland’s letter. What else he may have said, privately, was almost certainly stern but sympathetic; he was, after all, Fortune’s patron. Fortune’s reply, hardly penitent in tone, ridiculed Mrs. ”20 Washington had little to gain by making public statements about the Wilmington violence and could ill afford to endanger his budding relationship with McKinley, after coaxing him to appear at Tuskegee. Yet Washington’s public reticence about Wilmington was hardly for lack of private concern. 21 The November violence was a frightening aberration from the atmosphere he remembered, and a distressing reminder of deteriorating local relations between the races.
Thompson. 70 for rental of the church, printing costs, and traveling expenses for financial secretary Wells-Barnett, according to Thompson’s cumulative report in 1902. 29 If the Council were to build up reserve funds for the next annual session, or pay any salaries—such as the $500 annual salary discussed for WellsBarnett as financial secretary (the only paid position listed so far)—it needed to generate far more revenue. In the meantime, traveling expenses for Walters, Fortune, and Wells-Barnett, plus printing costs for the Council constitution and other minor expenses, would consume almost all of the money collected in Washington.
Broken Brotherhood: The Rise and Fall of the National Afro-American Council by Benjamin R Justesen