By Anne Spry Rush
Within the first half the 20 th century Britishness used to be a vital part of the tradition that pervaded lifestyles within the colonial Caribbean. Caribbean peoples have been inspired to spot with social buildings and cultural values touted as intrinsically British. Many middle-class West Indians of color duly followed Britishness as a part of their very own id. but, as Anne Spry Rush explains in Bonds of Empire, whilst they re-fashioned themselves, West Indians recast Britishness of their personal snapshot, basing it on hierarchical rules of respectability that have been typically British, but additionally on extra smooth expectancies of racial and geographical inclusiveness. Britain grew to become the focal point of an imperial British id, an id which stood become independent from, and but in detail relating to, their powerful emotions for his or her tropical homelands.
Moving from the heights of empire in 1900 to the independence period of the Nineteen Sixties, Rush argues that middle-class West Indians used their figuring out of Britishness first to set up a spot for themselves within the British imperial international, after which to barter the demanding situations of decolonization. via a spotlight on schooling, voluntary association, the demanding situations of struggle, radio broadcasting, and British royalty, she explores how this approach labored within the day-by-day lives of West Indians in either the Caribbean and the British Isles. Bonds of Empire therefore strains West Indians' participation in a posh technique of cultural transition as they manipulated Britishness and their courting to it not just as colonial peoples but additionally as Britons.
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Extra resources for Bonds of Empire: West Indians and Britishness from Victoria to Decolonization
Even with these efforts, searches were often less than fruitful, as the salaries and beneﬁts that even the best West Indian schools could offer were seldom comparable to those available in Britain. 35 Such circumstances dictated that most expatriate Britons hired to teach were already living in the region. Some had teaching experience, but many did not, and most had neither university nor teacher training. As a favor to local colonial ofﬁcials the spouses of civil servants were often hired to ﬁll such positions.
14 Campbell, Young Colonials, 65–6; Bridget Brereton, Race Relations in Colonial Trinidad 1870–1900 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979); Miller ‘Church, State and Secondary Education in Jamaica’, 110. 15 Anna Mahase, My Mother’s Daughter: The Autobiography of Anna Mahase Snr. 1899–1978 with the Autobiography of Kenneth E. Mahase Snr. 1893–1955 Appended (Claxton Bay, Trinidad: Royards Publishing, 1992), 21, 38. 16 Photographs from schools across the Caribbean illustrate this shift. Antigua Grammar School, One Hundred Years of Service to Antigua 1884–1984 (Archives Committee with Mr Olva Flax, 1984–88); Laurence C.
The paper’s ﬁrst black managing editor was the ﬁercely independent Theodore Sealey (he had worked at the paper since 1928) who took over the position from deCordova in 1948; he was ofﬁcially appointed in 1951, retiring in 1974. Linda D. , The Story of the Gleaner: Memoirs and Reminiscences (Kingston, Jamaica: Gleaner Company, 2000). 44 Anthony S. Johnson, ‘A Concise History of K. ’; T. R. Rowell, Assistant to the Colonial Ofﬁce Education Advisor, to J. Angus Gillian of the British Council, London, Letter, 11 August 1943 (CO 1045/152); Daily Gleaner, 9 November 1953, 10.
Bonds of Empire: West Indians and Britishness from Victoria to Decolonization by Anne Spry Rush