By Jock McCulloch
The demise of Frantz Fanon on the age of thirty-six robbed the African revolution of its prime highbrow and ethical strength. His loss of life additionally lower brief the most impressive highbrow careers in modern political idea. Fanon used to be a political psychologist whose method of progressive concept used to be grounded in his psychiatric perform. in the course of his years in Algeria he released scientific experiences at the behaviour of violent sufferers, the position of tradition within the improvement of sickness and the functionality of the psychiatric health facility as a social milieu. those papers remove darkness from Fanon's political idea, divulge weaknesses in his suggestion of political awareness and liberation, and include a 'secret heritage' explaining the tide of innovative events within the 3rd international.
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Extra resources for Black Soul, White Artifact: Fanon's Clinical Psychology and Social Theory
But Fanon does not make any attempt to connect this strategy with the negritude philosophy. At the centre of Masks is the belief that for the black there was no choice other than to seek an accommodation with the superior culture of Europe (p. 228). Any doctrine that proposed a return to the distant past was recessive. Referring to this nostalgia for a pristine past as the second Negro response (p. 130), in contrast to Cesaire's psyche of ascent, Fanon attacks this backward-looking trend in negritude on two grounds: first, it presents, as a basis for action in 40 Black soul white artifact the present, an historical situation which corresponds to no existing reality,- second, this return to the past changes nothing in the life situation of the oppressed black.
Any idea of racial solidarity such as espoused by negritude should inevitably be subordinate to the influence of class position upon the various participants in a political conflict. The concept of class interest introduces the possibility that Fanon could now for the first time identify the social foundations of negritude in terms of both its avowed historical project and its ideological function. In 'West Indians' Fanon's criticisms of negritude are mediated by an overriding approval for the political impact of the movement.
In the later works he examined the criminal impulses in the North African maintaining the validity of his earlier findings and adding that the Kabyle was not prone to the defects of the Muslim population but was on the contrary quite intelligent and industrious. In his systematised portrait Porot describes the Algerian as being violent by heredity; he is a congenital compulsive who cannot control his behaviour or channel his aggressive impulses to socially constructive ends. His aggressiveness is likely to take the form of homicide.
Black Soul, White Artifact: Fanon's Clinical Psychology and Social Theory by Jock McCulloch