Wolfgang Linden (auth.), Wolfgang Linden (eds.)'s Biological Barriers in Behavioral Medicine PDF

By Wolfgang Linden (auth.), Wolfgang Linden (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1468453742

ISBN-13: 9781468453744

ISBN-10: 1468453769

ISBN-13: 9781468453768

A "New taking a look Glass" for Behavioral drugs In 1984, John Briggs, a technology author and expert in interdisciplinary stories educating on the New university for Social learn, and F. David Peat, a physicist who used to be for a few years a fellow with the nationwide learn Council of Canada, released a publication in regards to the revolutions that have been happening in physics, arithmetic, chemistry, biology, and neu­ rophysiology and concerning the scientists whose new theories have been altering our realizing concerning the nature of the universe. The name in their publication was once having a look Glass Universe, after Lewis Carroll's vintage tale of Alice and her neighbors, throughout the having a look Glass. Briggs and Peat's booklet is a well-written, tough quantity approximately people and the way they consider previous difficulties in new and infrequently startling methods. I point out Briggs and Peat's e-book in basic terms partly simply because I ensue to have a private curiosity within the capability purposes of recent methods of and wondering nature and information derived from sleek physics and structures thought for healthiness psychology and behavioral medi­ cine (e. g. , Schwartz, 1984). In a letter Wolfgang Linden wrote to me on January 23,1987, he shared with me (at my request) his tough ideas approximately his own pursuits for this book.

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Sample text

Ludwig and Stark (1974) and Mathew, Claghorn, and Largen (1979) have analyzed retrospective selfreports of alcohol abusers regarding the circumstances in which they have experienced the greatest withdrawal distress. Their findings, that withdrawal is greatest and relapse most likely in the presence of alcoholassociated cues, are consistent with the classical conditioning model. Similarly, the widely recognized effects of the sight, smelt and taste of beverage alcohol in eliciting craving and loss of control among alcohol abusers would also be predicted by the model.

Nevertheless, it has been suggested that severity of dependence may relate to craving for alcohol in humans (Hodgson, 1984). Fluid and Electrolyte Balance Investigations of the effect of alcohol on fluid and electrolyte balance indicate the existence of another self-regulatory physiological mechanism that may contribute to alcoholism. This area of research, overlapping as it does with studies of physiological substrates of thirst and fluid BIOLOGICAL BARRIERS IN THE TREATMENT OF ALCOHOLISM 25 intake generally, would appear to be basic to an understanding of the physiological determinants of alcohol consumption, but it has largely been overlooked.

Although most of the evidence in support of a classical conditioning model of drug tolerance has come from animal research with opiates, there is some evidence to suggest that tolerance to the effects of alcohol in humans can be explained in part by the development of conditioned responses which elicit physiological changes in a direction opposite to the effects of alcohol. 07% during each of four daily sessions. All of the sessions were conducted in the same distinctive environment. In the fifth session, however, beer was consumed by some subjects in the same environment and by others in a distinctly different setting after which all subjects were assessed on several perceptual motor and cognitive tasks.

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Biological Barriers in Behavioral Medicine by Wolfgang Linden (auth.), Wolfgang Linden (eds.)

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