By Kyle Johnson, Ian Roberts (auth.), Kyle Johnson, Ian Roberts (eds.)
Kyle Johnson collage of Massachusetts at Amherst Ian Roberts college of Stuttgart a massive bankruptcy within the historical past of syntactic thought opened because the 70's reached their shut. The revolution that Chomsky had delivered to linguistics needed to this aspect engendered theories which remained in the grip of the philologists' construction-based imaginative and prescient. Their picture of language as a list of self sufficient buildings served because the backdrop opposed to which a lot of transformational grammar's special exploration developed. In a feeling, the hugely profitable pursuit of th phonology and morphology within the 19 century compared to the absence of comparable ends up in syntax (beyond observations similar to Wackemagel's legislation, and so on. ) attests to this: simply noting that, for instance, French relative clauses enable subject-postposing yet now not preposition-stranding whereas English family don't enable the previous yet do enable the latter doesn't take us a ways past an easy list of the evidence. sooner than this element, th syntactic concept had now not stepped forward past the nineteen century state of affairs. yet because the 80's approached, this picture started to collapse to another one: grammar as a puzzle of interlocking "modules," every one made of syntactic rules which cross-cut the philologist's buildings. a growing number of, "constructions" decomposed into the epiphenomenal interaction of encapsulated mini-theories: X concept, Binding thought, Bounding thought, Case thought, Theta thought, and so forth. Syntactic analyses grew to become reoriented towards the dual objectives of selecting the content material of those modules and deconstructing into them the descriptive result of early transformational grammar.
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Extra info for Beyond Principles and Parameters: Essays in Memory of Osvaldo Jaeggli
This hypothesis in tum will serve as a jumping board for a syntactic comparison between process nominals and non-process nominals, the latter shown to have a clearly different syntactic structure, regardless of whether they are CSN or FN. Given this differing structure, there is no motivation from word order for N raising to D or to any other functional projection. In section 6 I investigate the word properties of CSN, concluding that it involves syntactic incorporation, and propose a set of conditions on well-formed incorporation, using Grimshaw's (1991) notion of Extended Projections as a stating point.
Subject ....... V ... [embedded clause •......... ] ] ] The whole CFC in (64) could be raised to the left of the doubled element, thus generating (61). Alternatively, the subject and the verb may be raised by distinct operations to the left of the doubled element, thus generating (65a) or (65b): (65) a. subject] ... V2 ...... doubled element] b. V2 ...... subject] ... •.. t] ... t2 .... [CFC ..... • ] ] t] ... t2 .... •••..... ] ] The specific examples (66a-b) and (63a-b) correspond to representations (61) and (65a), respectively: CLiTIe-DoUBLED ARGUMENTS (66) a.
In the first type (type a), the whole CFC is raised to the left of the doubled element. In the second type (type b), individual elements within the CFC are raised to the left of the doubled element. 13 To illustrate, consider doubled accusatives in ECM contexts. The underlying representation for these constructions will be as in (64): (64) [ doubled element] [CFC ..... subject ....... V ... [embedded clause •......... ] ] ] The whole CFC in (64) could be raised to the left of the doubled element, thus generating (61).
Beyond Principles and Parameters: Essays in Memory of Osvaldo Jaeggli by Kyle Johnson, Ian Roberts (auth.), Kyle Johnson, Ian Roberts (eds.)