Faruk Abu-Chacra's Arabic: An Essential Grammar PDF

By Faruk Abu-Chacra

ISBN-10: 0415415713

ISBN-13: 9780415415712

Arabic: a vital Grammar is an updated and functional reference consultant to an important features of the language. compatible for novices, in addition to intermediate scholars, this booklet bargains a robust origin for studying the elemental grammar and constitution of Arabic.

The complexities of the language are set out in brief, readable sections, and workouts and examples are supplied all through. The e-book is perfect for self sufficient newbies in addition to for school room study.

Features of this e-book include:

- insurance of the Arabic script and alphabet
- a bankruptcy on Arabic handwriting
- a consultant to pronunciation
- complete examples all through.

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Extra resources for Arabic: An Essential Grammar

Example text

G. Masculine Feminine ‫ﺐ‬ ٌ ‫ﻃﺎِﻟ‬ َ ‫ ُﻫَﻮ‬huwa t˙a¯ libun. ‫ﻃﺎِﻟَﺒٌﺔ‬ َ ‫ﻲ‬ َ ‫ ِﻫ‬hiya t˙a¯ libatun. ‫ ُﻫـَﻮ َواِﻟـٌﺪ‬huwa wa¯ lidun. ‫ﻲ َواِﻟَﺪٌة‬ َ ‫ ِﻫ‬hiya wa¯ lidatun. He is a student. He is a father. 46 She is a student. She is a mother. g. َ. َ. atun/ do not take the extra ˙ final alif ‫ ـﺎ‬... in the indefinite accusative form. So the correct form is ‫ﻃـﺎِﻟـَﺒـًﺔ‬ َ ta¯ libatan (not: ‫ﻃـﺎِﻟـَﺒـًﺘﺎ‬ ). َ ˙ Note c: At the end of a sentence the final vowel of a word is normally not pronounced.

2 The workers 1built the factory. َ ‫ْﻟـ‬ . ‫ﺠِﺪﻳَﺪ‬ ‫س‬ َ ‫ ﻟَّﺪْر‬2 ‫ﺐ‬ ُ ‫ﻄﺎِﻟـ‬ َّ ‫َﻗـَﺮَأ ﻟ‬ 1 (14) qara a t-ta¯ libu d-darsa l-g˘ adı-da. ˙˙ The student 1read the new 2lesson. ‫ﺳَﻢ‬ ْ ‫ِْﻻ‬ 2 ‫ﺳَﺘﺎُذ‬ ْ ‫ﺐ ُْﻷ‬ َ ‫َﻛـَﺘـ‬ 1 (15) kataba l- usta¯ du l-isma. ¯ The professor 1wrote 2the name. ‫ﺼَﺮ‬ ْ ‫ْﻟَﻘ‬ ‫ﺷَﺘَﺮى ْﻟَﻮِزﻳُﺮ‬ ْ ‫ِإ‬ 2 1 (16) isˇtara¯ l-wazı-ru l-qasra. ˙ 2 The minister 1bought the palace. ‫ﻼ‬ ً ‫ﻃِﻮﻳ‬ َ ‫ﺳًﻤﺎ‬ َّ ‫َﻗَﺮَأ ْﻟـُﻤَﻮ‬ (17) qara a l-muwaddafu sman tawı-lan. ˙ ˙¯ ˙¯ 2 The employee 1read 3a long name.

This is ˙ ˙ to avoid three consonants occurring after each other. /. ‫ﻀُﺔ‬ َ ‫ﺖ ْﻟـَﻤْﺮَأُة ْﻟـَﻤِﺮﻳ‬ ِ ‫َوَﻗَﻌ‬ (1) waqa ati l-mar atu l-marı-datu. ˙ 2 The sick woman 1fell over. 2 1 ُّ ‫َﻫَﺪَم ْﻟـَﻌﺎِﻣُﻞ ﻟـ‬ َ ‫ﺴـﻮ‬ . ‫ْﻟَﻘـِﺪﻳَﻢ‬ / ‫ﻤَﺔ‬ َ ‫ق ْﻟَﻘـِﺪﻳ‬ (2) hadama l- a¯ milu s-su¯qa l-qadı-mata / l-qadı-ma. 2 The worker 1pulled down 3the old market (m. ). 3 3 . ‫ﻤـﻴـَﻨـًﺔ‬ ِ ‫ﺳـ‬ َ 3 2 ‫ﺟـًﺔ‬ َ ‫ﺟـﺎ‬ َ ‫ب َد‬ ُ ‫ﺷَﺘَﺮى َْﻷ‬ ْ ‫ِإ‬ 2 1 (3) isˇtara¯ l- abu dag˘ a¯ g˘ atan samı-natan. The father 1bought 3a fat 2chicken.

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Arabic: An Essential Grammar by Faruk Abu-Chacra


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