By Rudy Loock
This ebook sheds new mild on Appositive Relative Clauses (ARCs), a constitution that's typically studied from a in basic terms syntactic viewpoint, towards Determinative (or Restrictive) Relative Clauses (DRCs). during this quantity, ARCs are tested from a discourse/pragmatic perspective, independently of DRCs, so one can supply a good definition of the constitution. After a presentation of the morphosyntactic, semantic and pragmatic features of ARCs, a taxonomy in their features in discourse is tested for either written and spoken English according to the result of a corpus-based research. Constraints are then outlined inside of an information-packaging method of syntactic buildings to teach why audio system decide upon ARCs over different competing allostructures, i.e. syntactic buildings that fulfil comparable discourse features (e.g. nominal appositives, self sufficient clauses, adverbials, noun premodifiers, topicalization). the outcome is a deeper knowing of the richness of ARCs of their normal contexts of use.
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Additional resources for Appositive relative clauses in English : discourse functions and competing structures
These transformations are predicted to concern main clauses only, whether juxtaposed or coordinated. They are predicted to generate ungrammatical sentences if applied to embedded clauses: SAI: (83) Will James ever finish reading that book? (84) *I wonder whether will James ever finish reading that book? (85) Fred didn’t go to the rock concert, and neither did Will. Negative element fronting: (86) Never in my life have I seen such a crowd. (87) *The claim that never in my life have I seen such a crowd is not a lie.
Below are Mc Cawley’s (1988: 420) famous examples: (72) Tom has a violin that once belonged to Heifetz, and Jane has one too. (= DRC) (73) Tom has a violin, which once belonged to Heifetz, and Jane has one too. (= ARC) In (72), the pronoun one stands for the whole NP a violin that once belonged to Heifetz: Jane owns, like Tom, a violin that used to belong to Heifetz. In (73), Jane owns a violin but nothing is said about a former owner. The pronoun one refers only to a violin: (72) a. Tom has a violin that once belonged to Heifetz, and Jane has a violin that once belonged to Heifetz too.
15 Ali REL to Shiraz gone for me letter-a wrote Ali, who went Shiraz, wrote a letter to me. (= ARC) But the distinction applies far beyond the confines of Indo-European languages. Interestingly, Tagalog, an Austronesian language spoken mainly in the Philippines by about 20 million people, displays the difference between DRCs and ARCs through the relative position of the relative clause and the antecedent. DRCs can precede or follow the antecedent but ARCs can be in post-nominal position only (Del Gobbo 2001: 24).
Appositive relative clauses in English : discourse functions and competing structures by Rudy Loock