By Fred S. Roberts (auth.), Fred Roberts (eds.)
This IMA quantity in arithmetic and its functions purposes of Combinatorics and Graph concept to the organic and Social Sciences is predicated at the court cases of a workshop which used to be an essential component of the 1987-88 IMA software on utilized COMBINATORICS. we're thankful to the medical Committee: Victor Klee (Chairman), Daniel Kleitman, Dijen Ray-Chaudhuri and Dennis Stanton for making plans and enforcing an exhilarating and stimulating yr lengthy application. We in particular thank the Workshop Organizers, Joel Cohen and Fred Roberts, for organizing a workshop which introduced jointly a few of the significant figures in numerous learn fields hooked up with the appliance of combinatorial rules to the social and organic sciences. A vner Friedman Willard Miller purposes OF COMBINATORICS AND GRAPH concept TO THE organic AND SOCIAL SCIENCES: SEVEN primary rules FRED S. RoBERTS* summary. To set the level for the opposite papers during this quantity, seven primary strategies which come up within the functions of combinatorics and graph concept within the organic and social sciences are defined. those rules are: RNA chains as "words" in a four letter alphabet; period graphs; pageant graphs or area of interest overlap graphs; qualitative balance; balanced signed graphs; social welfare features; and semiorders. for every inspiration, a few simple effects are offered, a few contemporary effects are given, and a few open difficulties are mentioned.
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Additional info for Applications of Combinatorics and Graph Theory to the Biological and Social Sciences
It should also be observed that similar poset and lattice-theoretic considerations arise in the literature on concept scaling analysis and knowledge structures, about which one can consult the papers by Ganter and Wille  and by Falmagne  in this volume. Let me mention some open problems in connection with medians. Suppose we consider a class R of rankings of elements of a set A under the symmetric difference distance. Young and Levenglick  have characterized the median procedure among all pseudo social welfare functions if R is the class of linear orders.
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449-461. , Microfoundations and Macrosocial Theory, in S. S. Coleman, and S. ), Approaches to Social Theory, Russell Sage Foundation, New York, 1986, pp. 345-363. D. J. (1981). S. ), Applications of Combinatorics and Graph Theory in the Biological and Social Sciences, IMA Volumes in Mathematics and its Applications, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1989. , Double Semiorders and Double Indifference Graphs, SIAM J. Alg. & Discr. , 3 (1982), pp. 566-583; (A). , T-Colorings of Graphs and tbe Channel Assignment Problem, Congressus Numerantium, 35 (1982), pp.
Applications of Combinatorics and Graph Theory to the Biological and Social Sciences by Fred S. Roberts (auth.), Fred Roberts (eds.)