By Solimar Otero
Afro-Cuban Diasporas within the Atlantic global explores how Yoruba and Afro-Cuban groups moved around the Atlantic among the Americas and Africa in successive waves within the 19th century. In Havana, Yoruba slaves from Lagos banded jointly to shop for their freedom and sail domestic to Nigeria. as soon as in Lagos, this Cuban repatriate group turned referred to as the Aguda. This neighborhood outfitted their very own local that celebrated their Afrolatino historical past. For those Yoruba and Afro-Cuban diasporic populations, nostalgic structures of family members and group play the function of narrating and finding a longed-for domestic. via offering a hyperlink among the workings of nostalgia and the development of domestic, this quantity re-theorizes cultural imaginaries as a resource for diasporic group reinvention. via ethnographic fieldwork and study in folkloristics, Otero finds that the Aguda determine strongly with their Afro-Cuban roots in modern instances. Their fluid id strikes from Yoruba to Cuban, and again back, in a fashion that illustrates the actually cyclical nature of transnational Atlantic neighborhood association. Solimar Otero is affiliate Professor of English and a folklorist at Louisiana country college. Her study facilities on gender, sexuality, Afro-Caribbean spirituality, and Yoruba conventional faith in folklore, literature and ethnography. Dr. Otero is the recipient of a Ruth Landes Memorial examine Fund provide (2013), a fellowship on the Harvard Divinity School's Women's reports in faith software (2009 to 2010), and a Fulbright award (2001).
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When we were at the trunk, the king’s slaves, if he had any, were the first offer’d to sale, which the cappasheirs would be very urgent with us to buy, and would in a manner force us to it ere they would shew us any other, saying they were the Reys Cosa [the king’s property], and we must not refuse them, tho’ as I observed they were generally the worst slaves in the trunk, and we paid more for them than any others, which we could not remedy, it being one of his majesty’s prerogatives: then the cappasheirs each brought out his slaves according to his degree and quality, the greatest first, etc.
When our slaves are aboard we shackle the men two and two, while we lie in port, and in sight of their own country, for ‘tis then they attempt to make their escape, and mutiny; to prevent which we always keep centinels upon the hatchways, and have a chest full of small arms, ready loaden and prim’d, constantly lying at hand upon the quarter-deck, together with some granada shells; and two of our quarter-deck guns, pointing on the deck thence, and two more out of the steerage, the door of which is always kept shut, and well barr’d; they are fed twice a day, at in the morning, and in the evening, which is the time they are aptest to mutiny, being all upon deck; therefore all that time, what of our men are not employ’d in distributing their victuals to them, and settling them, stand to their arms; and some with lighted matches at the great guns that yaun upon them, loaden with partridge, till they have done and gone down to their kennels between decks.
The factory prov’d beneficial to us in another kind; for after we had procur’d a parcel of slaves, and sent them down to the sea-side to be carry’d off, it sometimes proved bad weather, and so great a sea, that the canoes could not come ashore to fetch them, so that they returned to the factory, where they were secured and provided for till good weather presented, and then were near to embrace the opportunity, we sometimes shipping off a hundred of both sexes at a time. The factor, Mr. Peirson, was a brisk man, and had good interest with the king, and credit with the subjects, who knowing their tempers, which is very dastard, had good skill in treating them both civil and rough, as occasion requir’d; most of his slaves belonging to the factory, being gold coast negroes, who are very bold, brave, and sensible, ten of which would beat the best forty men the king of Whidaw had in his kingdom; besides their true love, respect and fidelity to their master, for whose interest or person they will most freely expose their own lives.
Afro-Cuban Diasporas in the Atlantic World by Solimar Otero