By Christine Ekholst
A Punishment for every felony is the 1st in-depth research of ways gender prompted Swedish medieval legislations. Christine Ekholst demonstrates how the legislation codes steadily and inconsistently brought ladies as attainable perpetrators for all severe crimes. The legislation demonstrate that legislators not just anticipated women and men to dedicate varieties of crimes; in addition they punished women and men in numerous methods in the event that they have been convicted. The legislation regularly stipulated various tools of executions for women and men; whereas males have been hanged or damaged at the wheel, girls have been buried alive, stoned, or burned on the stake. A Punishment for every legal explores the heritage to the real legislative alterations that came about while ladies have been made in my view liable for their very own crimes.
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Extra resources for A Punishment for Each Criminal: Gender and Crime in Swedish Medieval Law
Theft was distinguished from robbery by its secretive character. 4 Furthermore, Per-Edwin Wallén emphasises that 1 Österberg and Lindström, Crime and Social Control, 60. 2 Valérie Toureille, Vol et brigandage au Moyen Âge (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 2006), 3. 3 Wennström, Tjuvnad och fornæmi, 20, 70–71. 4 Nicole Gonthier, Le châtiment du crime au Moyen Âge (Rennes: Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 1998), 26. 5 In addition to these two serious crimes there are also many different lesser property crimes.
90 The household as a tight legal unit in which the husband had responsibility for all members of the household was clearly an ideal for many medieval legislators. As mentioned, one main argument in this book is that legislators struggled to maintain the household as a legal unit while imposing personal liability on women. The household was probably the most important social unit at the time, yet it was obviously not the only important one. The communal character of medieval society has been emphasised: extended families, village communities, guilds, etc.
DL, Byggningabalken 32. VmL, Köpmålabalken 5. MEL, Köpmålabalken 3 §1. KrL, Köpmålabalken 4. MESt, Köpmålabalken 3 §1. 70 Winberg, Grenverket, 23–24. Vogt, Slaegtens funktion i nordisk højmiddelalderret, 198. The most recent study of Nordic inheritance legislation is found in Vogt, Slaegtens funktion i nordisk højmiddelalderret, 198–228. 71 ÄVgL, Ärvdabalken 1. DL, Giftermålsbalken 11. In the Dala Law, a daughter comes after both son and son’s son in the succession order. ÖgL, Ärvdabalken 2. 72 Helle Vogt claims that the Swedish rules on inheritance were taken over from the Danish regulations.
A Punishment for Each Criminal: Gender and Crime in Swedish Medieval Law by Christine Ekholst