Read e-book online A Manual of Intensional Logic PDF

By Johan van Benthem

ISBN-10: 093707330X

ISBN-13: 9780937073308

Intensional good judgment is the technical examine of such "intensional" phenomena in human reasoning as modality, wisdom, or move of time. those all require a richer semantic photograph than ordinary fact values in a single static surroundings. one of these photo is supplied by way of so-called "possible worlds semantics," a paradigm that's surveyed during this ebook, either as to its exterior assets of motivation and as to the interior dynamics of the ensuing application. specifically, ^IManual of Intensional Logic^R provides the foremost "classical" subject matters, together with modal common sense, annoying common sense, and conditional good judgment, all of which illustrate motivations coming from philosophy and linguistics. The publication additionally discusses contemporary computational purposes in computing device technological know-how and AI. eventually, ^IManual of Intensional Logic^R takes up contemporary advancements within the learn of language and data making themselves felt within the region. The e-book examines the function of partial information--with illustrations drawn from various branches of Intensional Logic--and quite a few affects stemming from present theories of the semantics of typical language, concerning generalized quantifiers and theories of varieties.

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Technical research emanating from the latter motivation has concentrated on finding good sets of primitive relations between events, generating well-behaved logical theories. (See P. Ladkin, 1987, Models of Axioms for Time Intervals, Kestrel Institute, Palo Alto; P. Ladkin and R. ) The move from classical time lines to event structures has also been made in Artificial Intelligence. The latter concept seems closer to common sense representations of time, which presumably guide our own practical thinking.

1988, Logic Colloquium. ) In fact, the general ideas of possible worlds modelling have a noticeable resilience; witness the recent publication S. Rosenschein and L. Kaelbling, 1987, The Synthesis of Digital Machines with Provable Epistemic Properties, Technical Note 412, SRI International, Menlo Park. The aim of this project is to analyse so-called situated automata interacting with their environment. One basic idea here comes from Situation Semantics: the knowledge which such automata can be said to have resides largely in successful attunement to their environment, not in complex internal representation.

Is the old value oft. In fact, states might be identified with assignments; as happens in the text book D. Gries, 1981, The Science of Programming, Springer, Berlin; which is wholly set up in this style, due to Tony Hoare (and widely advocated by Edsger Dijkstra). Behavior of programs can then be described using so-called preconditions and postconditions, as in the well-known correctness assertion for each state s\ satisfying

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A Manual of Intensional Logic by Johan van Benthem

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