By Jiang Li
In A Grammar of Guiqiong, Jiang Li describes the grammar of Guiqiong, a hitherto undocumented language spoken by way of alpine humans in Kangding county, China. Guiqiong has much to supply in its phonology, verbal and nominal morphology, syntax and word list, distinguishing itself from the neighbouring Tibetan, chinese language, Qiangic and Loloish languages. The newly chanced on beneficial properties of Guiqiong comprise breathy vs. modal voice, indefinite quantity, ablative, ergative, instrumental, dative and genitive case markers, subject and emphatic markers, the diminutive suffixes, the pronominal and deictic structures, demonstratives and numerals, a wealthy shop of differentiated copular verbs expressing equationality, inchoative, animacy vs. inanimacy, based life and negation, verbal affixes indicating instructions, current demanding of skilled perceptions, gnomic annoying, perfective vs. imperfective point, modality and evidentiality.
Read Online or Download A Grammar of Guìqióng: A Language of Sichuan PDF
Best grammar books
Millions of fanatics all over the world punctuate correctly and speak essentially due to Mignon Fogarty's sensible and easy-to-remember recommendation approximately writing sort and be aware utilization. Her first booklet, Grammar Girl’s fast and soiled tips for higher Writing, hit the recent York occasions bestseller record, and her weekly grammar podcast has been downloaded greater than 20 million occasions and hailed through united states this day as “authoritative yet hot. ”
Now, in tip-of-the-day shape, Grammar Girl serves up 365 classes on language which are absolute to encourage. packed with new, bite-size writing information, enjoyable quizzes and puzzles, and effective reminiscence methods, The Grammar Devotional offers a regular dose of data to enhance your writing and likewise serves as an enduring reference you'll use for years yet to come.
Te final consultant to robust Language. If you've ever fumbled whereas attempting to use a huge notice* to provoke a crowd, you recognize what it's wish to* be poorly spoken. the phobia of mispronouncing or misusing advanced phrases is actual and leaves many folks consigned to the reduce degrees* of the English Language.
Quantity fifty eight of the "North Holland Linguistic Series", edited via Virginia Motapanyane, presents an up to date assessment of experiences in Romanian syntax. Bringing jointly linguists operating in the box of generative grammar, the volume's comparative procedure demonstrates the relevance of Romanian information to grammatical conception.
In A Grammar of Guiqiong, Jiang Li describes the grammar of Guiqiong, a hitherto undocumented language spoken by way of alpine humans in Kangding county, China. Guiqiong has much to supply in its phonology, verbal and nominal morphology, syntax and word list, distinguishing itself from the neighbouring Tibetan, chinese language, Qiangic and Loloish languages.
- Generative Grammar in Europe
- Scrambling and Barriers
- Grammar: Getting it Right
- Thematic Structure in Syntax
- Coastal Dhofari Arabic: a sketch grammar
Extra resources for A Grammar of Guìqióng: A Language of Sichuan
Pɐ hold pɐ̃ government official pɐŋ heat in fire ɐpu grandfather khɐpɐ mouth ʐipu hair ʂɐpɛi saliva ʨiuputsi (bigger) millet pu’ wu wild dog sɐnpu tree pɐɲi glacier, ice pɐpɐ skin, bark, peel gəpɛi sorghum dɛpɛi one person 46 CHAPTER 2 The aspirated voiceless bilabial plosive /ph/ is also followed by the high level tone in modal voice. phɐgui wild boar phɛi father phɛi’wu oats phɐi recover phu price phɐŋ᾽wɐŋ rock gədʐiphɐŋ’wɐŋ bat phɔmu feel phɛ tear open; powder; flour phə the earliest ancestor phu’wu liver The voiced bilabial plosive consonant /b/ is followed by the medial level tone in modal voice.
The famous Guìqióng festival, the celebration of the Year of Rams, which was held during the Year of Rams on October 13 once every 12 years stopped since the Cultural Revolution in 1960s. Though the festival was marked by slaughtering animals, it was also a most solemn occasion for Guìqióng people to pray gods’ blessing for humans and animals, headed by gəmə. Nowadays the most popular Guìqióng festival is Zhuǎnshānhuì 转山会, the Round the Mountains Meet, celebrated on September 11, lunar calendar.
Tshuŋ trade ʦhɐi knife; fight tshɛi salt tshitshi sparrow, small birds tshui mouse tshɐŋ body hair, fur, wool niɐntshɐŋ eyebrow tshĩ’wu cheap tshɐ change; filter tshɛʐuŋ midnight The voiced alveolar affricate /dz/ is followed by the medial level tone in the modal voice. ] dzɔ dzo (offspring of a bull and a female yak), yak dzi blood; supper dzɐŋmu copper dzo᾽wu bucket The alveolar affricate in breathy voice is represented as /dz’/ and is followed by the low-falling tone. g. pɐ ‘hold’, phɐ ‘pig’, bɐ ‘develop’ and b’ɐ ‘burst’.
A Grammar of Guìqióng: A Language of Sichuan by Jiang Li