Download PDF by Paul Bennett: A Course In Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar GPSG

By Paul Bennett

ISBN-10: 1857282175

ISBN-13: 9781857282177

The "Generalized word constitution Grammar" GPSG is an enormous syntactic idea which has been followed via the computational linguistics international. this article assumes an introductory wisdom of syntactic thought and covers all of the major constructs of the grammar.

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Additional info for A Course In Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar GPSG

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Eat: V0[2] Since SUBCAT is (besides BAR and PER) the only attribute with integers as values, V0[2] is an unambiguous abbreviation for V0[SUBCAT 2] (or, if you insist, for {[+V], [−N], [BAR 0], [SUBCAT 2]}). It must of course be acknowledged that this system is hardly mnemonic. g. g. [SUBCAT NP-PP] for put). We give here a few more straightforward examples: (34) a. V1 V0[1] b. V1 V0[5], NP, NP c. V1 V0[6], NP, PP (35) a. die: V0[1] b. spare: V0[5] c. put: V0[6] < previous page page_45 next page > < previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 One shortcoming of the GPSG approach may already have been noted, viz.

A CFG that can be put into ID/LP format is said to have the property of Exhaustive Constant Partial Ordering (ECPO, for short). The ordering is partial because not every pair of categories need be ordered with respect to each other, and it is constant because any ordering of sisters is maintained across all the rules of the grammar. It is an empirical claim of GPSG that all natural languages have motivated grammars with the ECPO property and can therefore be written in ID/LP format. But ECPO is a rather abstract property of grammars, and it is not possible to pronounce on it without formulating a reasonably complete grammar for the language in question.

If we use our [noun, 2] -type notation, we could introduce variables and write [X, n ] for an item of type X and level n . Then we could state that PS-rules must be as in (38). (38) [X, n ] … [X, m]… (where m=n or m=n−1) (38) encodes the requirement just stated. The dots on either side of [X, m] stand for nodes not on the projection path; more will be said about this shortly. The rules in (37) conform to the schema in (38), but rule (33b) does not do so, because it would be stated in feature notation as (39).

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A Course In Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar GPSG by Paul Bennett

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