By Aaron D. Rubin
With a written heritage of approximately 5 thousand years, the Semitic languages include one of many international s earliest attested and longest attested households. popular family members comprise Arabic, Hebrew, Aramaic, Amharic, and Akkadian. This quantity presents an summary of this crucial language kinfolk, together with either old and sleek languages. After a quick creation to the background of the relatives and its inner category, next chapters conceal subject matters in phonology, morphology, syntax, and lexicon.Each bankruptcy describes beneficial properties which are attribute of the Semitic language kin as an entire, in addition to a few of the extra outstanding advancements that ensue within the person languages. this gives either a typological evaluate and an outline of extra precise good points. The chapters comprise ample examples from various languages. all of the examples comprise morpheme by means of morpheme glosses, in addition to translations, which assist in making those examples transparent and available even to these no longer accustomed to a given language. Concluding the ebook is a close consultant to extra interpreting, which directs the reader to crucial reference instruments and secondary literature, and an up to date bibliography.This short advent incorporates a wealthy number of information, and covers themes no longer in most cases present in brief sketches equivalent to this. The readability of presentation makes it valuable not just to these within the box of Semitic linguistics, but in addition to the overall linguist or language fanatic who needs to profit anything approximately this crucial language kinfolk.
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Additional info for A Brief Introduction to the Semitic Languages (Gorgias Handbooks)
Thus in many Ethiopian languages, including Amharic, the pre sent and future are not normally distinguished. ' (Erwin 1963) Present Tenses. In Classical Arabic Biblical Hebrew ' Ge'ez, Akkadian, and other classical semitic languages, there i a single non-past verbal tense that covers both present and fu ture time. In many languages, however, new forms have devel oped that are specifically marked as general presents, present progressives, or present indicatives. In some languages, includ � ing later forms of Hebrew and Aramaic, the inherited participial Future Tenses.
For the Canaanite of the Tell El-Amama tablets, see Rainey (1996). Aramaic: As discussed above (§1. 9), Aramaic is the cover term for a large number of languages and dialects. Among the many reference grammars focusing on the ancient dialects, we can cite just a few: Degen (1969) on Old Aramaic; Folmer (1995) and Muraoka and Porten (2003) on Imperial Aramaic; Dalman (1 905) on various Jewish dialects; Noldeke (1904) on Syriac; Miiller-Kessler (1991) on Christian Palestinian Aramaic; and Macuch (1965) on Mandaic.
Blau (1966-67; 1988; 1 999) are also excellent sources. For Modem Standard Arabic, there are a number of very good recent refer ence grammars, including Ryding (2005) and Mace (1998). The grammars are also published in the series Semitica Viva, pub lished by Harrassowitz. On Arabic-based creoles, see Owens (1997; 2006) and Wellens (2005). On the Ancient North Arabian inscriptional dialects, see Macdonald (2000; 2004). 1iaybadic (Old South Arabian): The only sayhadic lan guage described at length is Sabaic (also called Sabaean), the phonology and morphology of which are treated in the grammar of Stein (2003).
A Brief Introduction to the Semitic Languages (Gorgias Handbooks) by Aaron D. Rubin